Monthly Archives: September 2014

Is Winter Pest Control Necessary

Is continuing pest control in the Winter even necessary?

Whether you do your own pest control or have a professional service do it for you, it is a good idea to keep up with your protection throughout the colder Winter months. This is especially true in the warmer climate areas of the desert southwest like here in Carlsbad and Artesia New Mexico.

First, Let’s define pest control. It’s not just about simply applying chemical pesticides to kill and repel bugs and rodents. A good pest prevention program starts with creating exclusion steps to keep pests out and eliminating food sources as well as using chemicals and traps when necessary. Also see: First Steps To Effective Pest Control for more details about creating exclusion and eliminating critter food sources.

When it gets cold outside, insects and rodents want to be inside for the same reasons you do. It’s warm, comfortable, and there’s generally a good supply of food available. While you may not see as many running around outside or inside, they’re still there feeding and multiplying.

Critters that are normally content with being in your yard, flower beds, sheds, and other outdoor shelters will start to seek other shelter as the weather gets colder and food supply gets scarce. And if there are access points and your insecticidal barrier around and in your home becomes less effective, they’ll venture to where they previously couldn’t.

So to avoid this migration into your home, it’s a good idea to do a pre-Winter inspection for entry points as well as schedule times when either you or your bug guy will apply external insect barriers. We generally recommend that our clients get treated every other month. With a good residual chemical, there’s usually not a need for more than that. So with that, it would mean an application in Fall, once in dead Winter, and then back on schedule in the Spring.

Why So Many Indoor Insects In The Spring

Spring time is when our insect control service heats up. Sightings of spiders, roaches, and other insects inside the home increase as the Winter rolls out and the weather warms up. Generally, these are from new clients who haven’t kept up with a Winter pest control program.

Many of the sightings and infestations will be from pests that have been over Wintering in walls, attics, basements, and crawl spaces. As they’ve occupied a nice cozy space in your home, they’ve continued to feed, breed, and multiply. As they sense warmer weather and the you start to mature, they venture out into the home.

* * NOTE * * The external barrier to your home which is a tightly sealed home with a good residual insecticidal barrier is more important than applying chemicals inside the home. If insects and rodents can’t get in in the first place, there really shouldn’t be much need for extensive indoor applications. Still, we include a good indoor application with every service application just in case a resilient persistent insect makes it past the barrier.

So once again see First Steps To Effective Pest Control , do a pre Winter inspection, and keep up with your pest control efforts even if it appears that everything is under control. This will give you a head start in the Spring as well as keep you and your family safe and secure during the colder winter months.

Professional Pest Control Services

If you simply don’t want to do it yourself, aren’t confident with your efforts, or aren’t comfortable applying chemicals, give Horizon Pest Control a call today at 575-725-9331 for professional services, consultations, and advice in the Carlsbad, Artesia, and Southeast New Mexico area.

Effective Insect Pest Control – First Steps

Effective and lasting insect pest control goes beyond simply applying insecticides to kill the invading and visible bugs. While bug killers will often provide a quick solution to the problem, alone they generally don’t provide a lasting long term solution of prevention.

Usually at the first sighting of bugs, most folks reach for the jug of home defense or the phone to call the local exterminator to simply come spray the home. Again, this is only a temporary solution to insects actually gaining access to your living space.

A good pest control operator or you yourself should also perform a thorough inspection to determine how the pests are gaining access as well as what may be attracting insects. For the most part, this inspection and the steps necessary for long term prevention are generally very simple.

* * * While this article is focused on insect control, these first steps and considerations are also important for eliminating rodents, birds, and other pests.

Creating Exclusion To Keep Pests Out

Regardless of how good of a repellant insecticide is, some bugs may still manage to make it to the foundation of the home and gain access. While most will die due to the residual action of the insecticide, some will survive. At the very least, you may just simply still be seeing dead bugs in the home.

A thorough inspection will help determine areas where these determined survivors are gaining access. And once these areas are identified, it’s generally simple to address them with some minor preventative repairs.

Common Places Where Bugs Gain Access

  • - Weather stripping under and around doors – This is actually one of the most common  access points. Repair or replace weather stripping
  • - Weather stripping around windows – Repair or replace
  • - Where pipes and wires enter the home – These can be sealed with caulking, foam     insulation, stucco, mortar, paint, or other construction materials. At the very least, they should be dusted with insecticidal dust.
  • - Around pipes and drains under sinks – These can also be sealed with some type of   construction materials.
  • - Heating, cooling, and sewer jacks on the roof – Jacks and flashing should be repaired or replaced.
  • - Attic vents – These need to remain open so generally fine wire mesh or screening can be placed on the interior of the vents to prevent insect access.
  • - Chimneys – Keep flu closed when not in use.
  • - Cracks in exterior walls – Repair and paint.
  • - Doggy doors – Make sure they seal correctly

These are just the most common and obvious access points for insect pests. However, depending on the age and individual type of home, there could be more.

Eliminate Insect Food Sources

Insect pests are opportunistic invaders that are in constant search for food. If it’s there, they’ll find it and continue to come. And when they find a good source, they’ll also stay and multiply.

Sanitation and proper storage of food sources is an essential first step in effective pest control.


Keeping a clean living space will often help avoid many types of infestations including cock roach infestations. Sources like grease, spilled sweet juices, spilled sugar and crumbs are favorite foods and should be cleaned up immediately to avoid attracting insects.

Dirty dishes left in the sink for an extended period of time as well as dirty sink drains can also attract many types of insects. Keep dishes washed and put up as well as periodically rinsing out the drains with hot soapy water will help keep things sanitary and eliminate insect issues.

As well, keep trash cans clean and emptied as soon as their full.

Proper Food Storage

Where possible and practical, all dry foods should be transferred to sealed plastic, glass, or metal containers. Foods like cereals, flower, and sugar left in original open containers are just an invitation for insects in search of food.

Fruits, vegetables, and seasonal foods such as green chilies and dried red chilies should be prepared and stored as soon as possible to avoid attracting bugs.

Pet foods should also be kept in plastic or metal containers with lids.

These first steps of exclusion and elimination of food sources should be a part of a complete integrated pest management (IPM) program that includes an insecticidal barrier on both the interior and exterior of the home. With all of these methods in practice, your pest control efforts to keep insects out of your home should be more effective.

Professional Pest Control Services

Performing the steps outlined in this article are generally very simple and economical to do yourself. And while it is standard practice for us to perform an inspection and be observant on all of our pest control visits, we’ll point out problem areas and give free advice on how you can take care of these issues yourself. This can save you a lot of money as opposed to having us or a contractor do it for you.

As well, creating an insecticidal barrier and spraying insecticides can also be effectively done yourself. However, at Horizon, we realize that some folks simply don’t want to mess with it on any level and that many aren’t comfortable with applying chemicals. And of course, that’s what we’re in business for.

For a free inspection, evaluation, and estimate for professional pest control services, please give us a call today at 575-725-9331.



Lawn Weed Control In Carlsbad, Artesia, & Southeast New Mexico

For professional weed control in Carlsbad, Artesia, and Southeast New Mexico,
Contact Horizon Pest Control

Creating beautiful lawns in Southeast New Mexico often requires more than just applying weed killers once or twice a year. It can require a multi-step ongoing program of different elements to create a thick healthy lawn that also includes pre and post emergent herbicides as just one part of the program.

Photo of a weed free residential lawn

A Weed Free Lawn

Without a doubt, the most effective means of a weed free yard is a thick lush lawn that chokes out unwanted invasive plants. This often takes other means than simply applying herbicides to reach that point. However, once that point is reached, keeping weeds from taking a hold in your lawn generally requires minimal time, effort, and fewer chemicals.

This guideline will prove helpful whether you plan to do it yourself or hire a yard and weed control professional to help you with the project.

Using Post & Pre Emergent Herbicides

Pre-emrgent herbicides are chemicals that disrupt the sprouting and growth of newly germinated seeds while post emergent herbicides work to kill existing growing broadleaf and grassy weeds and stickers.

While the use of post and pre-emergent herbicides is an effective and often necessary tool in this multi-step program it is often misunderstood and not used correctly. A lot of folks are under the impression that they can simply apply weed killer and pre-emergent once a year in the Spring to their yard and have total weed control for the entire year. Not in most cases. This thinking not only leads to disappointment in their lawn care or pest control professional but also the idea that post and pre-emergent herbicides are not effective at all.

The fact is that weed control chemicals are very effective and should generally be applied at least twice a year and often more. At least once in the Spring and once in the Fall. However, there are several variables that can determine the frequency in which they should be applied. And oftentimes, more than two applications are needed.

Pre Emergents

The following considerations can be used to determine how long preemergent herbicides will stay effective in the soil and how many applications you may need a year -

  1. The Condition Of Your Lawn At The Beginning Of The Program – If your grass is thin or choked out completely by weeds it may be necessary to not only use weed killers at timed intervals a few times a year but also get on a specially designed program of soil conditioning, fertilizing, watering, and seeding.
  2. Soil Type – In Carlsbad, Artesia, and many areas of Southeast New Mexico, there can be several different soil types within the same area. From rich farm soil to totally organic depleted dirt to sandy soil to totally alkaline soils. This alone can determine how long the preemergents stay effective in the top layer of ground as well as how well post emergents even work.
  3. Types Of Weeds – Different types of plants germinate at different times of the year. Some in Spring, some in Summer, and some in the Fall. And while pre-emergents don’t generally last the entire season, most are not effective to all weeds and weed types. Also, some weed and grassy sticker plant seeds are viable for up to seven years or longer. And until they actually start to sprout, both post and preemergent herbicides will not be effective on them as these type of weed killers don’t sterilize the ground.
  4. Length Of Growing Season – Here in Carlsbad, Artesia, Southeast New Mexico, and a lot of the desert Southwest, the growing season is extended longer than in many areas. And since the effectiveness of these herbicides can dwindle over time and depending on the type of weeds or stickers you’re trying to control, it may be necessary to do up to three or more applications for good weed control.
  5. Amount Of Rainfall And Irrigation – Along with the type of soil and how long it holds the herbicides in the top layer of soil where seeds germinate, the amount of moisture that washes the herbicide into the soil must also be considered. The more moisture, the shorter the life of the herbicide and the more frequent the applications need to be.
  6. Type Of Pre Emergent – There are several pre emergent herbicides on the market to choose from. Some are effective longer than others. Along with that, their differences also make them effective on different weeds and types of weeds. Some work on broadleaf weeds such as dandelion while others are effective on grassy weeds like crabgrass and sand bur. And still, there are some that are somewhat effective on both. However, there are none that are effective to control all. It’s important to know your target and choose a pre-emergent that will give you the best protection for the longest amount of time. Do some research and read the labels.

Also See: The Best Time To Apply Pre-emergents In Southeast New Mexico for more information on proper timing and frequency of application.

About Split Applications Of Pre Emergents

A split application is the method of taking the yearly amount allowed on the label and splitting it into two applications over a period of time. This method generally gives longer protection against seeds that have longer germination cycles as well as increased season long protection against a larger variety of weeds.

Depending on the herbicide, the amount of time between applications could be anywhere between 4 to 16 weeks. The label will tell you the yearly amount allowed and many will give instructions regarding split applications.

Post Emergents / Weed Killers

As with pre-emergents, not all post emergent herbicides work on all types of weeds. Some work on broadleaf, some work on grassy types like sand bur and crabgrass, and some work on both. Again, it’s important to know your target, do a little research, and read the labels.

Probably the most common broadleaf herbicide still available to the general public is 2,4-D. It’s the active ingredient in Weed-B-Gone and other off the shelf herbicides. It can also be found in purer form at some farm and feed stores. If applied correctly, it generally does a good job of controlling a broad spectrum of the most common lawn weeds like dandelion.

Professional applicators, on the other hand, have access to a larger selection of herbicides that contain a combination of two or more active ingredients. Some of these are often referred to a 3 way herbicides because they contain a combination of 3 active ingredients. This gives the product the ability to control even a larger spectrum of weeds.

Some of these herbicides can be very dangerous to people, animals, and around other desirable plants. So if you happen to get your hands on them and plan on doing it yourself (which may be against the law), read and follow the label exactly.

As with all pesticides, fertilizers, and amendments, there are strict guidelines and instructions that should be followed such as -

  • - How much to use
  • - How much can be used in a year
  • - Proper timing between applications
  • - Proper handling
  • - Proper protective clothing that should be worn during application
  •  - Safety around other plants
  • - Correct application temperatures
  • - Proper weather and wind conditions during application
  • - How long before people and pets can re-enter the area
  • - And a list of other considerations specific to each herbicide used

Follow The Label – Follow The Label – Follow The Label


A Thick Lush Grass Lawn – The Best Defense

As I stated earlier, the best defense against weeds is a thick lush stand of turf. And so your first goal may be to begin to establish some thick grass. However, before you begin to seed or sod, there are some steps that need to be taken.

Keep in mind that if you plan to seed or sod a new lawn, you don’t want to apply any preemergents to the soil until after the lawn is well established. The chemicals not only prevent weed seeds from sprouting but also grass seeds or prune the roots of new sod. And while you do want to kill as many weeds and undesirable grasses as possible before planting, also keep in mind that post emergent weed killers can remain in the soil for several weeks after application. Generally a non-selective herbicide like Round Up is the best option. Consult the label before you apply anything.

The following things should be considered when attempting to establish a thick healthy lawn -

  1. The Condition Of The Soil – Either get the soil tested for ph and nutrient content by a professional, local extension service, or with a do it yourself kit that you can usually get from the local home garden center. Then adjust as necessary before you ever put any seed or sod to the ground. Adding organic matter is generally a good step in most soils as it will often buffer soils to the right ph, add nutrient content, and help in moisture retention.
  2. Plant The Correct Turf Type – Is the area shady, sunny, or both? If you’re starting with a Bermuda lawn in a sunny location, I suggest that you stay with the Bermuda turf type. While there are many Fescue varieties that do well in sunny hot locations here in Southeast New Mexico, Bermuda is a very aggressive grass and will generally choke out Fescue and other cool season grasses in a few seasons unless you eradicate it completely before you begin. If your yard is totally shady, go with a Fescue or other shady grass as Bermuda will not dominate in shade. If there are both shady and sunny areas, we often have good results planting both Fescue and Bermuda. The Fescue will dominate in the shady areas while the Bermuda will dominate in the sunny locations.
  3. Proper Irrigation – This is critical for keeping a lawn optimal, lush, and healthy. If you don’t have a sprinkler system and don’t have the time to be constantly moving a hose, you may consider installing a sprinkler system. Drought stressed and thirsty lawns leave a lot of blank areas where only opportunistic weeds will grow.
  4. Replenish Nutrient Content With The Right Fertilizer – Not all lawn fertilizers are made for every application, geographical location, soil type, and time of year. Consult your local county extension agent for more information about fertilizing lawns in your specific location.

More information about establishing a lawn in New Mexico can be found at Turfgrass Establishment.

So, in conclusion – Pre and post emergent herbicides are a supplementary tool in good lawn weed control in Carlsbad, Artesia, and Southeast New Mexico and not necessarily the first and most important step. Establishing a healthy thick stand of turf is.

Generally, when used as part of your weed control program, weed killers and pre emergents should be applied at least twice a year and possibly more depending on your specific situation. Once in the Spring, once in the Fall, and possibly in early Summer.

Professional Weed Control

If you live in the Carlsbad and Artesia New Mexico Area, Horizon Pest Control is available to either give free consultation to help you design a program to do it yourself or get you on schedule for professional weed control. We don’t require you to sign any contracts. Give us a call today at 575-725-9331.